Most of us experienced hair loss to some extent in out lifetime. Hair loss usually develops gradually. It may be patchy or all over (diffuse) the scalp.

The scalp contains about 100,000 follicle of hairs, and the hair has a cycle of regrowing. A person with no hair loss can see as many as 100 falling hair, but he also has the same number of regrowing hair.

Both men and women tend to lose hair thickness and density as they age. This type of baldness is not usually caused by a disease. It is related to aging, heredity, and changes in the hormone testosterone. Inherited, or pattern baldness affects many more men than women.

There are different kinds of hair loss which are caused by different conditions but all of them usually makes people upset and stressed. Before choosing the best treatment, we should understand what can cause it, because losing the hair should be a result of something in our system sourcing by some diseases, vital deficiencies, side effects of any medication, wrong nutrition, stress or genetic.

Let’s go through some of the most common reasons of hair loss:

  • Androgenic Alopecia: The majority of women with androgenetic – also called androgenic – alopecia have diffuse thinning on all areas of the scalp. Hair is lost in a well-defined pattern, beginning above both temples. Over time, the hairline recedes to form a characteristic “M” shape. The pattern of hair loss in women differs from male-pattern baldness. In women, the hair becomes thinner all over the head, and the hairline does not recede. Androgenetic alopecia in women rarely leads to total baldness.

  • Androgenic alopecia can be caused by different of factors related with to the actions of hormones, including some ovarian cysts, taking high androgen index birth control pills, pregnancy, and menopause. Alopecia or common male pattern baldness (MPB) accounts for more than 95% of hair loss in men. The big role player probably would be DHT. DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) is a derivative of the male hormone testosterone. The hormonal process of testosterone converting to DHT, which then harms hair follicles, happens in both men and women.

Female Hair loss Pattern

Male Hair Loss Pattern

  • Additionally, disorders of insulin resistance (such as diabetes and obesity), and high blood pressure (hypertension) have been related to androgenetic alopecia.

  • Telogen Effluvium is a scalp disorder characterized by the thinning or shedding of hair resulting from the early entry of hair in the telogen phase (the resting phase of the hair follicle). Telogen effluvium is a form of temporary hair loss that usually happens after stress, a shock, or a traumatic event. It usually occurs on the top of the scalp. It occurs more often in women and is usually triggered by a disturbance to the hair cycle.

The hair cycle typically has three phases:

  • Anagen or growth phase.

  • Catagen or transitional phase.

  • Telogen or resting phase.

                                               Hair Cycle

Stress, poor diet, underlying health problems, pregnancy or childbirth, metal toxicity or certain drugs are some of the reasons for disturbance in the hair cycle.

The main symptom of telogen effluvium is an increasing the amount of hair shedding than as usual.

Someone may notice that more hair than usual is falling when they wash or brush their hair. They may also find more hair in the drain or on their pillow. Particularly to distinguish this type of hair shedding, you should lose baby hairs which are at telogen phase. Your long and thick hairs also tend to fall so there has been occurred something wrong blocking your new thin hairs to grow up.

  • Alopecia Areata is caused by an abnormality in the immune system that damages hair follicles. If you’ve noticed patchy little bald spots on your scalp, you might have an auto immune disorder called alopecia areata. In this kind of hair loss, you need to get a medical help from a dermatologist.

Alopecia Areata

Some people lose it only in a few spots. Others lose a lot. The condition can result in total hair loss, called alopecia universalis, and it can prevent hair from growing back. When hair does grow back, it’s possible for the hair to fall out again. The extent of hair loss and regrowth varies from person to person. There’s no known cure for alopecia areata, but there are treatments that you can try that might be able to slow down future hair loss or help hair grow back more quickly.

In case permanent hair loss you can get support from some new applications onto the scalp such as SMP(Scalp micro pigmentation) or Hair Transplantation.

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